The primary form of legislative measure used to propose law. Depending on the chamber of origin, bills begin with a designation of either H.R. or S. Joint resolution is another form of legislative measure used to propose law.
Primary focus of measure is Members of Congress; general congressional oversight; congressional agencies, committees, operations; legislative procedures; U.S. Capitol. Measures concerning oversight and investigation of specific matters may fall under the issue-specific relevant policy area.
A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-Congress measures.