Bill Sponsor
Senate Bill 447
118th Congress(2023-2024)
ORBITS Act of 2023
Active
Amendments
Active
Passed Senate on Oct 31, 2023
Overview
Text
Introduced
Feb 15, 2023
Latest Action
Nov 6, 2023
Origin Chamber
Senate
Type
Bill
Bill
The primary form of legislative measure used to propose law. Depending on the chamber of origin, bills begin with a designation of either H.R. or S. Joint resolution is another form of legislative measure used to propose law.
Bill Number
447
Congress
118
Policy Area
Science, Technology, Communications
Science, Technology, Communications
Primary focus of measure is natural sciences, space exploration, research policy and funding, research and development, STEM education, scientific cooperation and communication; technology policies, telecommunication, information technology; digital media, journalism. Measures concerning scientific education may fall under Education policy area.
Sponsorship by Party
Democrat
Colorado
Republican
Mississippi
Democrat
Washington
Senate Votes (1)
House Votes (0)
checkPassed on October 31, 2023
Status
Passed
Type
Unanimous Consent
Unanimous Consent
A senator may request unanimous consent on the floor to set aside a specified rule of procedure so as to expedite proceedings. If no Senator objects, the Senate permits the action, but if any one senator objects, the request is rejected. Unanimous consent requests with only immediate effects are routinely granted, but ones affecting the floor schedule, the conditions of considering a bill or other business, or the rights of other senators, are normally not offered, or a floor leader will object to it, until all senators concerned have had an opportunity to inform the leaders that they find it acceptable.
Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with an amendment by Unanimous Consent.(text: CR S5264-5266)
Summary

Orbital Sustainability Act of 2023 or the ORBITS Act of 2023

This bill directs specified agencies to take actions to remediate orbital debris (human-made space objects that are no longer in use and can harm orbiting satellites and on-orbit activities).

First, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) must

  • publish and periodically update a list of orbital debris that pose the greatest immediate risk of harm to orbiting satellites and on-orbit activities,
  • establish a demonstration program to foster the development of technologies to remediate the orbital debris on the list, and
  • carry out other research and development activities to advance technologies for remediating orbital debris.

NASA (and other relevant agencies) may also contract for remediation services to support the commercial availability of such services.

Second, the National Space Council must update the Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices within 90 days of the enactment of the bill and update them periodically thereafter. The updates must address matters including satellite constellations and other planned space systems, collision risks, and disposal of space systems after missions. The updates must inform (1) regulations of other agencies concerning orbital debris, and (2) bilateral and multilateral discussions with other countries concerning certain space activities.

Third, the Department of Commerce must facilitate the development of standard practices to coordinate on-orbit space traffic. Upon completion of the practices, Commerce and other federal departments must promote their adoption and use for space missions.

Text (3)
October 31, 2023
September 12, 2023
February 15, 2023
Amendments (1)
Oct 31, 2023
Agreed to in Senate
1
Sponsorship
Senate Amendment 1358
In the nature of a substitute.
Agreed To
Actions (12)
11/06/2023
Held at the desk.
11/06/2023
Received in the House.
11/06/2023
Message on Senate action sent to the House.
10/31/2023
Passed Senate with an amendment by Unanimous Consent. (text: CR S5264-5266)
10/31/2023
Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with an amendment by Unanimous Consent.(text: CR S5264-5266)
10/31/2023
The committee amendment as amended agreed to by Unanimous Consent.
10/31/2023
Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent. (consideration: CR S5262-5266)
09/12/2023
Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 206.
09/12/2023
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Reported by Senator Cantwell with an amendment in the nature of a substitute. Without written report.
07/27/2023
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Ordered to be reported with an amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.
02/15/2023
Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.
02/15/2023
Introduced in Senate
Graphics
S.447 118 ORBITS Act of 2023 3
S.447 118 ORBITS Act of 2023 (2)
S.447 118 ORBITS Act of 2023
Public Record
Record Updated
Feb 16, 2024 3:34:59 PM