House Bill 2
118th Congress(2023-2024)
Secure the Border Act of 2023
Passed House on May 11, 2023
May 2, 2023
Latest Action
May 16, 2023
Origin Chamber
The primary form of legislative measure used to propose law. Depending on the chamber of origin, bills begin with a designation of either H.R. or S. Joint resolution is another form of legislative measure used to propose law.
Bill Number
Policy Area
Primary focus of measure is administration of immigration and naturalization matters; immigration enforcement procedures; refugees and asylum policies; travel and residence documentation; foreign labor; benefits for immigrants. Measures concerning smuggling and trafficking of persons may fall under Crime and Law Enforcement policy area. Measures concerning refugees may fall under International Affairs policy area.
Sponsorship by Party
House Votes (2)
Senate Votes (0)
On Passage
Roll Call Vote
Roll Call Vote
A vote that records the individual position of each Member who voted. Such votes occurring on the House floor (by the "yeas and nays" or by "recorded vote") are taken by electronic device. The Senate has no electronic voting system; in such votes, Senators answer "yea" or "nay" as the clerk calls each name aloud. Each vote is compiled by clerks and receives a roll call number (referenced in as a "Record Vote" [Senate] or "Roll no." [House]).
Roll Call Type
Roll Number
House Roll Call Votes

Secure the Border Act of 2023

This bill addresses issues regarding immigration and border security, including by imposing limits to asylum eligibility.

For example, the bill

  • requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to resume activities to construct a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border;
  • provides statutory authorization for Operation Stonegarden, which provides grants to law enforcement agencies for certain border security operations;
  • prohibits DHS from processing the entry of non-U.S. nationals (aliens under federal law) arriving between ports of entry;
  • limits asylum eligibility to non-U.S. nationals who arrive in the United States at a port of entry;
  • authorizes the removal of a non-U.S. national to a country other than that individual's country of nationality or last lawful habitual residence, whereas currently this type of removal may only be to a country that has an agreement with the United States for such removal;
  • expands the types of crimes that may make an individual ineligible for asylum, such as a conviction for driving while intoxicated causing another person's serious bodily injury or death;
  • authorizes DHS to suspend the introduction of certain non-U.S. nationals at an international border if DHS determines that the suspension is necessary to achieve operational control of that border;
  • prohibits states from imposing licensing requirements on immigration detention facilities used to detain minors;
  • authorizes immigration officers to permit an unaccompanied alien child to withdraw their application for admission into the United States even if the child is unable to make an independent decision to withdraw the application;
  • imposes additional penalties for overstaying a visa; and
  • requires DHS to create an electronic employment eligibility confirmation system modeled after the E-Verify system and requires all employers to use the system.
Text (3)
Amendments (1)
Displaying only amendments with a detailed public record (0)
Public Record
Record Updated
Sep 20, 2023 2:00:34 PM